Landlord Tenant – Forcible Entry and Detainer Law – District of Columbia
PART II.–JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
PARTICULAR ACTIONS, PROCEEDINGS AND MATTERS
FORCIBLE ENTRY AND DETAINER
When a person detains possession of real property without right, or after his right to possession has ceased, the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, on complaint under oath verified by the person aggrieved by the detention, or by his agent or attorney having knowledge of the facts, may issue a summons in English and Spanish to the party complained of to appear and show cause why judgment should not be given against him for the restitution of possession. Title 16, Chap. 15, § 16-1501
Service of summons.
The summons provided for by section 16-1501 shall be served seven days, exclusive of Sundays and legal holidays, before the day fixed for the trial of the action. If the defendant has left the District of Columbia, or cannot be found, the summons may be served by delivering a copy thereof to the tenant, or by leaving a copy with some person above the age of sixteen years residing on or in possession of the premises sought to be recovered, and if no one is in actual possession of the premises, or residing thereon, by posting a copy of the summons on the premises where it may be conveniently read. If the summons is posted on the premises, a copy of the summons shall be mailed first class U.S. mail, postage prepaid, to the premises sought to be recovered, in the name of the person known to be in possession of the premises, or if unknown, in the name of the person occupying the premises, within 3 calendar days of the date of posting. Title 16, Chap. 15, § 16-1502
Judgment and execution for possession.
When, upon a trial in a proceeding pursuant to this chapter, it appears that the plaintiff is entitled to the possession of the premises, judgment and execution for the possession shall be awarded in his favor, with costs; and if the plaintiff becomes nonsuit or fails to prove his right to the possession, the defendant shall have judgment and execution for his costs. Title 16, Chap. 15, § 16-1503
Certification to District Court upon plea of title; undertaking
Title 16, Chap. 15, § 16-1504
Repealed. July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 560, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 145(g)(2).
Conclusiveness of judgment.
A judgment of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia in a proceeding pursuant to this chapter is not a bar to any afteraction brought by either party, and does not conclude any question of title between them, where title is not pleaded by the defendants. Title 16, Chap. 15, § 16-1505